American Curl

The American Curl is known by its kitten-like playful personality throughout its lifetime. They are one of America’s native breeds, though still quite rare, are found in many countries around the world. These cats are medium in size distinguished by their unique ears and are found to be friendly, gentle, adjusting, people-oriented and faithful animals.

American Curl Breed Information

The history of this breed of cats dates back to June 1981 when it was realized as a spontaneous genetic mutation in the population of cats domestically. However, by 1986, two of the largest cat registries provided recognition to these cats. It all started when one day in 1981, a pair of stray cats with curled ears were found by Grace Ruga on her doorstep in Lakewood, California. Her love for cats made her instantly take in these unique cats. While one of the two cats vanished shortly after appearing, the other cat called Shulamith (means black but comely) by Ruga stayed in with her. In December 1981, Shulamith gave birth to four kittens out of which two had the same curled-back ears. Eventually, in 1983 cat fanciers initiated certain breeding programs to conserve the gene and to develop a breed based on it.
The American Curls possess an eager, excited, adventurous and loving personality. Their people-oriented nature gets everyone around them to participate and notice the activities they’re performing. They have the quality of easily adapting to new places and are very good with children. They are very intelligent animals who are not very talkative but make sure to display their needs with warbling and sounds.
  • Activity Level: 4/5 (fanatically playful)
  • Intelligence Level: 4/5 (brainy)
  • Curiosity: 4/5 (highly curious)
  • Friendliness: 4/5 (highly amicable)
  • Vocal: 2/5 (moody vocal)
With beautiful head adornment coupled with opulent plumed tails that remind one of the luxurious ostrich-feather boa, these amazing cats put everyone in awe. These cats are famous for their unique ears that beautifully curl back in a terrific arc, giving them a perky, heedful and happily surprised expression which is their most loved feature. The major highlights of this amicable breed of cats are as follows:
  • Fur: The American Curl’s coat texture is pretty silky, no matter whether it is a short or long hair version. The length of hair on the long haired curl is also really more of a semi-long than long.
  • Eyes: These cats have beautiful and expressive walnut-shaped eyes that are as bright as stars.
  • Body structure: They appear to be non-muscular yet sturdy. Other than their unique ears, their exceptionally long tail is also a feature that distinguishes them.
  • Facial Features: They have a sprightly, happy and amazed look on their face, thanks to their curved back ears. Not all of these cats are similar. The earl curl of each cat can vary between 90 to 180 degrees.
  • Weight: They weigh around 5 to 10 pounds after reaching maturity.
Health and Care
There are certain things that owners of these cats must know to ensure proper care of these cats. Their unique ears need regular cleaning so as to prevent infections. Their ears need very gentle handling as their ear cartilage can be easily damaged. Also, they should not be positioned in unnatural ways. Ensure regular visits to the veterinarian for proper care and any medical advice needed for this cat. In order to preserve the unique feature of this breed of cats, do not outcross with other breeds. Although 50% of the cats in outcrossed mating will have curled up ears, 100% of the cats will have curled up ears only in a curl to curl breeding.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely. Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at
American Curl Breeders: