The idea to develop a cat which was similar to the Siamese but available in more pointed colours was first undertaken by American and British breeders in 1940s; the result was a cat breed similar in body type, coat length and personality of the Siamese, but having a colour pattern unlike the traditional Siamese.
While The International Cat Association (TICA) and the American Cat Fanciers Association (AFCA) realise this cat as a type of Siamese, the Colourpoint is recognised by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) and has been accorded Championship status in 1964.
The Colourpoint are highly intelligent, playful and active, and can be trained to play tricks. It is a very affectionate, people-oriented breed, and is outgoing to the verge of being an extrovert. It is also very sensitive to its owner’s mood, and is likely to console its owner during a bad day with displays of affection. Whilst being extremely affectionate, the Colourpoint is also very demanding of attention, and will stalk its owner around the house if it feels ignored. The major behavioural parameters are rated below:
- Activity level: 3/5 (quite active)
- Intelligence level: 3/5 (quite intelligent)
- Curiosity: 3/5 (quite curious)
- Friendliness: 3/5 (quite friendly and loyal)
- Vocal: 3/5 (quite vocal)
With its long, lean physique, wedge-shaped head and large eyes, the Colourpoint breed is very similar in appearance to the Siamese. This is the reason a lot of people confuse them Siamese cats. The main characteristics of a Colourpoint are:
- Fur: Short, smooth, glossy fur coat; available in a variety of point colours like red, fawn, blue, cinnamon, lilac, cream, chocolate, torbie, seal, and tortie. Cinnamon points or fawn points are not accepted for showing, but are considered while breeding.
- Eyes: Slanted, almond-shaped eyes, usually deep vivid blue in colour.
- Body structure: The body of a Colourpoint Shorthair is long, lean and fine-boned; the legs are long and slim.
- Facial features: Wedge-shaped, angular head contributes to the Colourpoint exotic look.
- Weight: Male Colourpoint weigh around 8-12 lbs, whereas the female may weigh slightly less than 8 lbs.
Gentle brushing with a rubber brush is deemed adequate, whereas smoothing with a chamois cloth can lend that finished look to the coat. Bathing is not required for most Colourpoint. Attention needs to be paid to the diet, as the body structure of the Colourpoint is not designed to lug around much fat. Protein-rich food and appropriate playtime exercises are essential for maintaining the characteristic muscular body of the breed.
Being developed from the Siamese, the Colourpoint Shorthair also suffer from many health issues affecting the Siamese such as amyloidosis, asthma/bronchial disease, congenital heart defects such as aortic stenosis, crossed eyes, gastrointestinal conditions such as megaoesophagus, hyperesthesia syndrome, lymphoma, nystagmus, and progressive retinal atrophy. Amyloidosis can be diagnosed by histopathological testing using kidney and liver samples, whereas echocardiography is generally used for detecting heart defects.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org