The Napoleon is a cross between Persian cats and Munchkin cats. While Persians have been around since the early 1800s, Munchkins are known to have originated in 1983, when a woman in Louisiana took in an expecting cat with short legs. The kittens came out with the same short leg dominant dwarfism gene and a decade later, in 1994, TICA registered the Munchkin and then for Championship status in 2003.
But the Napoleon breed was born in 1996 when Joe Smith outcrossed Persians to Munchkins. The breed was called Minuet (Napoleon), after Minuet Bonaparte, famously short of stature, much like the Munchkin cat. Combined with the beautiful “doll-faced” Persians, it resulted in a gorgeous, sweet cat with adorable, tiny legs. By 2002, the new breed had been submitted to TICA and accepted for Registration Only. The process of introducing a new breed and getting it to be accepted is long and arduous, and it has, in fact, not ended for the Napoleon cat.
The Napoleon cat is very friendly and affectionate and makes a perfect family pet. It is not only cute and sweet, but it’s also very energetic and curious – the perfect blend between the inquisitive Munchkin and the gentle Persian. As a result, this cat certainly looks innocent and can purr and cuddle with the best of them, but it is naughtier than it looks at first glance. Great with all kinds of people, including children, the Napoleon is a great household cat.
- Activity level: 5/5 (a veritable ball of energy)
- Intelligence level: 4/5 (intelligent and curious)
- Curiosity: 5/5 (displays the innate inquisitiveness of the Munchkin)
- Friendliness: 5/5 (a friendly cat who gets along with absolutely everyone and anyone)
- Vocal: 3/5 (not very vocal and not demanding)
The most distinctive trait the Napoleon has is definitely the shortness of its legs, but also its sweet, irresistible face. This breed is strikingly beautiful and unique in appearance, despite existing as a combination of Munchkin and Persian. While taking traits and features from the two, Napoleon is its own breed with both short and long legs and a special face.
- Fur: The coat of a Napoleon cat can be short or long, but always thick and luxurious. It comes in a broad range of patterns and colors, most often in shades of white, grey, or cream.
- Eyes: Big, round eyes that give the cat a doll-like, innocent look.
- Body structure: The body of a Napoleon is very round – from head to belly, it is all round, but it carries it beautifully. The cat is solid and sturdy with great musculature and short, stubby legs that are used quite a bit, due to their active nature.
- Facial features: As with the body, the face of a Napoleon is very round – round head, round eyes, round cheeks, and round muzzle. The nose is a classic ski-jump nose, and the ears are small and triangular.
- Weight: The Napoleon is a medium-sized cat of 5 to 9 pounds.
Depending on the length of their coat, the Napoleon can be considered relatively high maintenance, with the long-haired version requiring daily brushing, while the short-haired one needs it once a week.
The Napoleon is a generally healthy cat, although it is always recommended that a potential owner talks to the breeder about genetic or hereditary diseases. Because of their Munchkin and Persian traits, respectively, the cat may suffer from pectus excavatum or lordosis, deformities of the chest and spine, caused by the short legs, kidney disease, cataracts, photophobia or lysosomal accumulation neuropathy.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org