The Basset Hound is a very old breed, descendant of bloodhound. Several sources suggest that it has originated from the genetic dwarf dogs. Its ears have been described by the Shakespeare in poetic words as the “Ears which sweep away the morning dew.” The breed was first represented in 1863 in the dog show in Paris, from where it attained popularity. According to few people it was owned by George Washington; who got it from Lafayette at the end of American Revolution.
The Basset Hound is a gentle, sweet, peaceful, devoted and naturally well-behaved dog. It is friendly; and never harsh or vicious. Though it is very mild but it is never timid. It is affectionate towards the master and friendly towards the kids. It can become very obedient on proper training. It has very strong sense of smell; and sometimes it becomes hard to draw its attention as it likes to follow its nose.
- Activity Level: 2/5 (likes to be lazy)
- Intelligence Level: 2/5 (sometimes has a mind of its own)
- Curiosity: 3/5 (curious)
- Friendliness: 5/5 (extremely friendly)
- Vocal: 3/5 (moderate tendency to bark)
The Basset Hound is a short and heavy dog. The head is very large and is in proportion with the round skull. It has deep and heavy muzzle; which has length greater than the width at the brow. The lips are dark and pigmented with loose hanging flews. The long ears are velvety and set low. The chest is deep and is extended forward. It has round and full hindquarters and big paws.
- Fur: The coat is short, dense, shiny and hard. It can be in colours such as black tan, red white with sand coloured or chestnuts marks.
- Eyes: The Basset Hound has brown eyes which are sunken and has a sad look.
- Body Structure: The body structure is short and heavy.
- Facial Features: The facial skin falls as fold on the head.
- Weight: Its weight is around 25-34kg.
It should be tested for hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, elbow dysplasia, and von Willebrand's disease. The common disease is life-threatening condition; Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV), also known as bloat or gastric torsion. Besides these it can also have several kinds of allergies and glaucoma.
The Basset Hound if not given proper exercise; is prone to become obese. So, it should be taken for the long walks but jumping should be discouraged due to its thin legs. When it is outdoors, it should be kept on leash; to avoid its wandering towards interesting scent. Due to its short coat, it repels dirt and rarely needs bath. It can be rubdown with a coarse cloth and bristle brush; on weekly basis. Its ears should be cleaned regularly to avoid ear infection. Teeth should be cleaned twice or thrice a week to remove the tartar buildup. Nails should be trimmed once or twice a week.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org