The Bloodhound has a rich history, and is thought to have descended from an extinct breed Chien de Saint-Hubert which was bred by the monk at the Saint-Hubert Monastery and sent as an annual gift to the French emperors. First recorded reference to the Bloodhound was in the 14th century for its use as a tracking dog, and is established to have been brought over by the Normans post-Conquest. The Bloodhound was also a favourite of Queen Victoria, who sponsored the dogs to enter the dog show competitions. The breed then made its way over the Atlantic to the United States, and has been extensively used as tracking dogs for missing people and escaped convicts.
Gentle despite its size and reputation, the Bloodhound can be tireless and extremely persistent when following a smell. It can be wilful at times, and is somewhat difficult to obedience train owing to its strong tracking instinct. The Bloodhound is gentle and affectionate, and makes for excellent family pets.
- Activity level: 2.5/5 (moderately active)
- Intelligence level: 3/5 (intelligent)
- Curiosity: 5/5 (extremely curious)
- Friendliness: 3/5 (friendly)
- Vocal: 4/5 (very vocal)
Massive in size and extremely powerful, the Bloodhound has a very muscular body. The most striking feature of a bloodhound is the extra folds of skin around its nose and mouth, which aid it in tracking a scent. The most common physical characteristics of the Bloodhound are:
- Fur: Short fur, wrinkled and hard; common colours are black and tan, red and tawny, red, and liver and tan.
- Eyes: Deep sunk, diamond shaped eyes; deep hazel to yellow in colour.
- Body structure: Large with powerful, muscular build; exceptionally strong back.
- Facial features: Thin, long, drooping, low set ears; heavily wrinkled skin, especially around the muzzle and nose.
- Weight: Male of the breed can weigh between 90 to 110 lbs, whereas the female weighs between 80 to 100 lbs.
Being a large dog, the Bloodhound is commonly affected by hip dysplasia, which can also cause the development of arthritis as it ages. X-rays and hip scoring tests are utilised to diagnose the condition, whereas surgery remains the only corrective measure. The Bloodhound may also suffer from gastric conditions such as gastric torsion and GDV (Gastric Dilation and Volvulus) syndrome, which are generally diagnosed through imaging techniques such as X-rays and ultrasound etc; lactate concentration in plasma is also used, as is urinalysis in some cases. Moreover, due to the excessive folds in the skin the Bloodhound may also develop fold dermatitis, especially around the jowls. This condition is usually diagnosed through physical examination and biopsy, and may require surgical removal of folds to treat successfully.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
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