The Border Collie descends from landrace collies which can be found throughout the British isles. Originally called the Scottish Sheep Dog, the Border Collie has developed naturally in Northumberland region near the border of England and Scotland for herding sheep. The Border Collie has been a winner at many sheepdog events due to its excellent herding capability. The modern Border Collie can trace its origin to a single Border Collie, Old Hemp, which was owned by Adam Tefler from Roy, and can now be found across the British Isles, New Zealand and Australia.
This breed was recognised by the American Kennel Club in 1995.
The most striking quality of a Border Collie is its intelligence. It is known to be the most intelligent dog breed in the world, and can be trained for a variety of activities. It is known as a workaholic dog for its predilection to work.
- Activity level: 4/5 (very active)
- Intelligence level: 5/5 (extremely intelligent)
- Curiosity: 3/5 (very curious)
- Friendliness: 3/5 (quite friendly)
- Vocal: 2/5 (mildly vocal)
The Border Collie is a medium-sized breed with moderately long coat. It appears as most-sheep dogs do – as a mesmerising, skulking presence intent on its duties. The Border Collie has a body that is longer than it is tall, and is muscular and athletic. The most common characteristics of the Border Collie are:
- Fur: Medium to long double coat; varies from smooth to rough. Black and white is the most common colour, but may appear in any pattern.
- Eyes: Oval eyes set well apart; vary from blue to brown.
- Body structure: Medium sized, muscular build; the Border Collie measures 19-22 inches from withers in males, and 18-21 inches in females.
- Facial features: Eager, intelligent expression.
- Weight: Male of the breed can weigh between 30 to 45 lbs, whereas the female weighs between27 to 42 lbs.
Despite being an outdoor and hardy breed, the Border Collie has a few major health complications such as hip dysplasia, Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) and several cardiac conditions. Hip dysplasia is diagnosed through X-rays and hip scoring tests, whereas collie eye anomaly is a genetic disorder detected by the means of a genetic test; Collies that do not clear these test are generally not considered to be fit for breeding. Echocardiography and complete blood count are usually used for diagnosing cardiac complications. The Border Collie is an active breed which requires frequent exercise. Therefore regular exercising is a must for this breed, as it is prone to gain weight quickly if adequate exercise is not adhered to. Moreover, it can be affected by diabetes mellitus which can be diagnosed through complete blood test.
A stainless steel comb can be used to brush the fur coat on a bi-weekly basis to remove dead hair, whereas smoothing the fur with chamois cloth causes it to gain sheen.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
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