The Brittany is named after a particular French region where it was initially bred. It was created as a pointing breed, to occupy the position of a skilled, adaptable gundog. The breed was capable of pointing and retrieving, being suitable for working in various kinds of country environments, either dense or more open. Not many breeding records were maintained, but it is assumed that the breeds that played a significant role in Brittany’s development were the English Setter, the Welsh Springer Spaniel and a range of French spaniel breeds.
The Brittany was firstly recognized as a breed of its own in 1907, in France. Its incredible skills as a hunting dog made the Brittany grow in popularity with hunters. In 1931, the first Brittany hunters were brought in the U.S., and they were preferred as family dogs, due to their open, friendly personality and size. The Brittany holds the 30th rank among the breeds acknowledged by the American Kennel Club, a position it has preserved for decades.
The temperament of the Brittany can range from active to mellow, stubborn to obedient. It is known that the Brittany’s personality can depend on its gender. Nonetheless, what is universally acknowledged is that the Brittany is a family dog, that gets attached to the owner and is affectionate, loyal and playful. It’s intelligent, given the fact that it’s a gundog, and eager to please its owner, which makes it rather effortless to train. When training, the owner’s approach should be consistent, confident, calm yet firm.
- Activity level: 5/5 ( Being bred as a gundog, the Brittany is an active breed, being enthusiastic and eager to play.)
- Intelligence level: 5/5 ( Develops hunting skills from an early age, and is easy to train if the owner’s approach is suitable.)
- Curiosity: 5/5 (As a gundog, the Brittany is typically curious, and enjoys roaming.)
- Friendliness: 4/5 ( If socialized early as a small pup, the Brittany will be friendly towards the family, children, and other pets.)
- Vocal: 3/5 ( The Brittany is not specifically vocal, but might bark every once in a while.)
The Brittany is a leggy, medium-sized dog, having wavy or flat coat that is orange colored or white. It has an athletic look, which enables it to run quickly for long distances – it seems like it never tires.
- Fur: The coat is dense, flat or wavy, coming in color combinations such as white and orange, black and white, liver and white, black and tricolor, or liver tricolor. It doesn’t require much grooming, except for a weekly brushing.
- Eyes: Its eyes are dark colored and come in shades of hazel and amber, depending on the color of the coat.
- Body structure: Athletic, muscular body structure with long legs and small feet.
- Facial features: Its head is medium-sized, round and the nose presents wide nostrils varying in color, including brown, deep pink, tan and fawn.
- Weight: Its weight varies between 30 to 40 kilograms, both for female and male representatives of the breed.
The Brittany has to be challenged both mentally and physically, as this particular breed is sturdy and strong. It enjoys engaging in athletic activities, and if the excess of energy isn’t directed towards positive training, it will develop a destructive behavior. Thus, this breed is not recommended for living indoors – it’s an active dog that enjoys extensive, strenuous exercise. Also, the Brittany is adaptable to more severe weather conditions.
Its life expectancy ranges between 12 to 15 years and presents a high risk of suffering from canine hip dysplasia, epilepsy, and hypothyroidism. Thyroid and hip exams are recommended as a means of prevention.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org