The breeding of Bullmastiffs was performed around the 1860s in England, when the gamekeepers needed a canine which had an impeccable tracking ability, run short distances in no time and pin down the trespassers or poachers without attacking them. They loved to have a dog which was much more aggressive and agile than a Mastiff, yet not very ferocious or bigger than a bull dog, to keep their game preserves and estate free from intruders. They are also known as the ‘Gamekeeper’s Dog’ as they were bred by crossing 60% of Mastiff with 40% of Bulldog. AKC (American Kennel Club) officially recognized it in 1934.
Bullmastiffs are good natured dogs that are highly affectionate and gentle with their family. They do not attack the intruder, but rather knock them and hold them down. Their calm nature makes them a best play mate for kids. They allow their owners to walk in front as a mark of respect.
- Activity level: 3/5 (requires regular walks)
- Intelligence level: 5/5 (very intelligent)
- Curiosity: 4/5 (very keen)
- Friendliness: 4/5 (friendly with kids and other pets)
- Vocal: 1/5 (a bit on a quiet side)
Bullmastiffs have a strong body with a dense coat and have an alert expression that can send a chill across the spine of their intruders. They have a compact body structure with a wide chest, levelled top and short back with angular hocks. These dogs are generally found in brindle, red or fawn colour and tend to shed very less fur.
- Fur: They have short hair that is dense and offers them good protection against all weather conditions.
- Eyes: These dogs have medium sized eyes in rich dark hue of hazel.
- Body structure: Adult bullmastiffs have wider wrinkled heads that sports black colored short muzzles. Their ears in V shape hang to touch their cheeks. They have arched necks which slope downwards to balance their overall look. Their body is supported by strong and sturdy legs and tapered tails.
- Facial features: The Bullmastiff’s face wears a shrewd expression owing to the tapered muzzles and black colour on their face.
- Weight: The average weight of a male Bullmastiff ranges from 110 lbs to 11 lbs, while the females weigh anywhere from 100 lbs to 120 lbs.
The Bullmastiffs are huge dogs that have a lifespan of 8 to 10 years. They are generally healthy, but can develop some major complications like cardiac disease, hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia. They are prone to cancer, eyelid issues and tumors. To identify the major health conditions, the vet will have to examine your dog’s eye, hip or elbow regularly.
These big dogs tend to gain weight easily and hence you must avoid overfeeding them. Instead, give them smaller meals at regular intervals. They demand minimal coat care and regular walks on a leash. These dogs require ample space with soft bedding to stretch and rest. They tend to drool and snore. Keep your bullmastiff indoors during hot weathers and protect him from roads and traffic as he loves to roam about.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org