Though the exact origin of the Chihuahua breed is still unknown, there are two theories that throw some light on its history. One of the most plausible theories is that, they are a descendant of a round headed, small-framed South American dogs known as Techichi, which were found during the Toltec civilization.
According to other beliefs, the small, hairless Chinese Crested dogs were brought to Mexico and then bred with native Mexican dogs. Regardless of which speculation is right, modern day Chihuahuas were found in the Mexican state, Chihuahua, around 1850.
With terrier-like qualities, Chihuahuas are highly alert in nature. Chihuahuas make very good companion dogs as they bond strong with their owner and family members. These tiny dogs are sensitive and only demand affection from their owner. You can expect the Chihuahuas to be a little reserved in the beginning, but they respond well to training, which inculcates love, care and positive reinforcement.
- Activity level: 4/5 (one of the best watchdogs)
- Intelligence level: 4/5 (quick learner)
- Curiosity: 4/5 (watchful and agile)
- Friendliness: 3/5 (affectionate with family)
- Vocal: 4/5 (tends to bark a lot, but it can be controlled through proper training)
With big, alert ears, rounded skull, large moist eyes, Chihuahua is the smallest of the AKC registered breeds. The dogs have a ine bone structure along with a long and masculine body. The glossy and fine coat of Chihuahuas makes them highly lovable.
- Fur: Soft, glossy coat all over the body except for the head and ears. Come in different colours and patterns like brindle, sable, Merle, splashed etc.
- Eyes: Chihuahuas have shiny, dark or ruby eyes. White or light coloured dogs may have light or hazel eyes while the dark ones have brown or black eyes.
- Body Structure: A full grown Chihuahua is between 3 to 7 pounds in weight and six to eight inches in height. It is stout and robust with well sprung ribs. Its slightly arched neck makes it appear longer. Its sickle shaped tail is moderately long.
- Facial Feature: It has an apple shaped head with a tiny, pointed muzzle. Teeth are arranged in a level or scissors bite. Sometimes a soft spot is found on the top of the skull of the puppies.
- Weight: The weight of an adult Chihuahua ranges between 1.8–2.7 kg (4–6 lb).
These cute dogs though highly active, are prone to several diseases that can take a toll on their life, if not diagnosed on time. Chihuahuas are prone to neurological and genetic problems, such as epilepsy and seizures. Like other toy breeds, Chihuahuas are also prone to hydrocephalus, a painful disease that causes enlargement of head. Hydrocephalus can be diagnosed with a proper CT scan.
Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is another common problem of these toy puppies. If not diagnosed earlier with the help of fasting blood glucose/insulin test and ACTH stimulation test, it can lead to coma and death. Regular brushing of fur and proper dental care is very important to avoid infections. Over-feeding and insufficient exercise can increase risk of tracheal collapse, joint injuries, and shortened life span.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org