Chow Chow

Chow Chows are an arctic-type breed and have a compactly built body and a height of 17 inches to 20 inches. They are a very popular choice for those looking to add a canine friend to the family owing to their distinct features such as a lion like mane around their head and a teddy bear like snout. This dog breed is often described as “cat like” as they have a proud look and an independent spirit.

Chow Chow Breed Information

The history of Chow Chows is found in the artefacts belonging to Han Dynasty of 206 BC, with evidences indicating that the breed is over 2000 years old. The origin of the breed was the result crossing Samoyed, which is an original breed that belonged to North Siberia and Old Mastiff that belonged to Tibet region. Some historical facts state that this breed has the unique blue black tongue as the Chows belonged to the basic ancestral breeds of Samoyed such as the Pomeranian, Keeshond and Norwegian Elkhound. These dogs were royal companions, guard dogs, hunters and haulers in ancient days.
They have a cat like personality as they are stubborn and not very eager to please their owners. Being strong willed by nature, they need an owner who is equally strong willed. They are well behaved pets and are not disobedient, making them a perfect pet for families.
  • Activity level: 2/5 (active but can be lazy at times)
  • Intelligence level: 5/5 (quick learner)
  • Curiosity: 2.5/5 (accepts training for a short period)
  • Friendliness: 3.5/5 (family friendly, reserved with strangers)
  • Vocal: 4/5 (barks loudly while sensing danger)
The Chow Chows have an upstanding and squarely built sturdy body that features a muscular and heavy bone structure. They have a unique short and broad body with a big head covered in long hair, high set tail, unique stilted gait and angular looking hind legs making these dogs a masterpiece of beauty.
  • Fur: The Chow Chows are wrapped in two layers of coat – the inner coat that has thick, woolly and soft fur and the outer coat that has coarse hair which is dense and straight. The head and neck have thick mane ruff that is much longer in length.
  • Eyes: They have almond shaped and deep set eyes in dark shade.
  • Body structure: Chow Chows have a muscular body with a deep chested look that offers it an aristocratic look. The straight hind leg structure makes it walk with a stiff look.
  • Facial features: The Chow Chows wear a snobbish and scowling look that can keep robbers or thieves at bay from their home.
  • Weight: A fully grown adult Chow Chow dog will weight around 20 kgs to 32 kgs.
Health and Care
Most of the Chow Chows suffer from entropion, an eye irritation or abnormality of the eyelids which requires surgical procedure to rectify it. They also face the risk of suffering from major health issues like hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia. In such cases, the vet would need evaluations of patella, elbow and hip tests. Some might even have thyroid, gastric torsion and stomach cancer. Chow Chows are very lazy and can gain weight if not exercised regularly. They have a life span of 8 to 12 years. These dogs must be allowed to live inside the home with people in the family rather than in a kennel. Feed them with nourishing dog food twice a day. You must brush your Chow’s coat thrice a week to prevent shedding of loose hair on your furniture. Give him a bath once in a month and the nails must be regularly trimmed.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely. Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at