In the 14th century Cocker Spaniels were bred from English Cocker Spaniels in the US. They were bred in two different sizes, of which the larger ones had long muzzles were used for springing games while the smaller ones were used to hunt woodcocks. Later in 1892, these dogs of two sizes were differentiated as separate breeds, with the smaller ones that weighed less than 25 pounds called Cocker Spaniels and the larger ones, English Spaniels. Field trials were held in US during the 1920s with Cocker Spaniels to test their ability as gundogs in the shooting field. They were able to cover the whole gun range and retrieved only when they received the command.
Cocker Spaniels have a merry temperament with soft personality and are known to always wag their tails while sniffing the floor or chasing the birds. They are trustworthy pets who respect their family and do not like to be treated in a harsh manner.
- Activity level: 2.5/5 (sometimes likes to play)
- Intelligence level: 4.5/5 (very keen and understands instructions)
- Curiosity: 3/5 (curious)
- Friendliness: 4.5/5 (very friendly with kids, cats, dogs)
- Vocal: 4/5 (displays affection by barking and to alert about intruder)
Being the smallest among sporting dogs, Cocker Spaniels have a well chiselled body which is further complimented by a refined head. The body is well balanced, allowing the dogs to move with considerable speed, coupled with endurance. They have distinct long and lobular ears that compliment their head shape.
- Fur: The fur on the Cocker Spaniel’s head is very fine and short; the hair on their body is of medium length. They have an undercoat to protect their outer coat.
- Eyes: The eyes look round and full, with a dark brown iris rightly set in almond shaped eye rims.
- Body structure: This medium sized dog has a sturdy body structure with a well pronounced head and feathered drooping eras. This breed is available in different coat shades like merle, white with black, tan, red or buff.
- Facial features: The face of a Cocker Spaniel has an intelligent and alert look, indicating that it is a good watchdog.
- Weight: The weight of a male Cocker Spaniel is between 28 kg to 34 kg while the female weighs between 26 kg to 32 kg.
The Cocker Spaniel can live up to 15 years. Some of the serious medical conditions that it faces include PRA or progressive retinal atrophy, glaucoma, cataracts and patellar luxation. It might also suffer from some diseases such as epilepsy, gastric torsion and elbow dysplasia. Other minor health issues include CHD or Canine Hip Dysplasia, urinary stone, hypothyroidism, liver disease etc. To detect these issues at an early stage the vet would suggest routine eye checks or examination of the knee and hip. The vet would also take a DNA test to detect phosphofructokinase deficiency, a condition that can trigger anaemia.
Exercising everyday is a must for this dog breed and being a social dog, you can go for a long run or for a long stroll with your pet. Their coat, with medium length, requires brushing thrice a week. Clipping the hair on the ears and head is also essential.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org