The Collie is a native of Scotland, from the highland region. It is said that this dog breed received its name from the Anglo-Saxon word ‘Col’ meaning black, but dog lovers relate the name to ‘Colley’, the Scottish black-faced sheep that these dogs used to guard. In addition, they used cattle, goats and pigs, wherein they displayed great stamina and vigil.
From being strong worker dogs, these Collies are now getting groomed and bred for their good looks, thereby making excellent pets and show dogs. The sensitivity, inclination for adventure and helpful nature of Collie were all well depicted in the animation series, Lassie in 1950.
A well-bred Collie is gentle and enjoys being in a family with children. They need socialization skills so that they can get exposed to different people and situations. These highly loyal dogs, if loved and cared by the owners, turn into a ‘friend-for-life’ for the family.
- Activity level: 4/5 (very active)
- Intelligence level: 4/5 (good learners and easy to train)
- Curiosity: 4/5 (curious and instinct driven)
- Friendliness: 4/5 (very friendly)
- Vocal: 2/5 (usually quiet, but has a tendency to bark continuously when left alone)
A Rough Collie has long straight, harsh outer coat and a soft furry undercoat while a Smooth Collie has short, dense, flat outer coat and thick undercoat. They have a thin and long body due to their hard-working nature.
- Fur: The collies have 2 coat types -long straight and harsh outer coat and a soft furry undercoat. Generally the fur comes in 4 to 10 colour combination like sable, tricolour (black white and tan markings), white, blue merle and many others.
- Eyes: Medium sized eyes in almond shape. Brown eyes except for blue merle. Blue Merle could have either blue coloured eyes or different colours for each eye.
- Body structure: Being an athletic working dog, they have a long and lean body with deep wide chest. With a flat skull and arched eye brows, these dogs have a proportional body.
- Facial features: Fairly long necks, small ears with tips folding forward, chiselled face, black nose and round muzzle are distinctive facial features of Collies.
- Weight: Collies typically weigh 50 to 70 pounds.
- Height: Males are 24 to 26 inches tall and females 22 to 24 inches tall.
- Life Span: 10 to 14 years .
Collies are average shedders. They need regular grooming and brushing to keep their coat clean and tangle free. Collies are also sensitive to Ivermectin, the drug used in heartworm preventives. Rigorous physical activity is recommended to keep them healthy and content. 2 to 3 cups of high quality dry food divided into 2 meals is necessary to keep them active and healthy.
It is mandatory to brush the Collie’s teeth twice a week. Diseases like Collie eye anomaly, Collie nose, hip Dysplasia, Progressive retinal atrophy, dermatomyositis, and food allergies are common in Collies. In case of eye anomaly, DNA Testing is the best option and for screening hip Dysplasia in collies, PennHIP or OFA will be of great help.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org