Even though this dog has a distinct pattern on its coat, the reason behind its origin is a mystery. The evidence that states that Dalmatian dog is an ancient breed is through the tomb walls behind the chariots of Egypt featuring the paintings of spotted dogs. The letters from a poet, Jurli Dalmatin to a Duchess in Bohemia in 1500s also mentions about this dog with spots. Some historians claim that the Pointers breed or Great Dane that had spots might be its ancestors but there are no evidences to prove this. It was used as a coach dog in 1800s in England and played the roles of protecting the horses and carriages. It gained AKC recognition in 1888.
This dog is noted for its alert and active personality. It is highly intelligent and has great endurance levels, making it a perfect family pet or show animal as it performs in dog shows, road trials and agility rings with ease).
- Activity level: 5/5 (loves running fast and strenuous or exhaustive games)
- Intelligence level: 5/5 (easy to train)
- Curiosity: 2/5 (not going to check every drawer in the house)
- Friendliness: 5/5 (loves family, kids and their other pets)
- Vocal: 5/5 (loves barking while playing and can bark loudly defend the family)
The poised appearance of this breed with a maximum height of 24 inches is well complimented by the spotty coat it wears. It has a strong and muscular body with a balanced head with close lying ears, long and tapered tail. Its straight and strong legs offer it excellent flexibility.
- Fur: The Dalmatian has a close fit coat with short and dense hair which is not very shiny or silky.
- Eyes: The rounded eyes of this dog have an eye color ranging from dark shades of black, blue and brown.
- Body structure: The body structure of Dalmatian comprises of a smooth top line, deep chest of mid width size and tucked up loin which helps the long and strong legs to move with a fast pace.
- Facial features: The intelligent, calm and alert expression of Dalmatian indicates its outgoing temper.
- Weight: Both the male and female adult Dalmatian dogs weigh around 55 pounds.
This unique looking dog has a lifespan up to 14 years. The most common health concern that the Dalmatian breed is prone to is deafness. Around 12% of these dogs are born with this defect. Hence it is important for you to make your Dalmatian pup of 6 weeks to undergo BAER test to identify this issue. However, raising a deaf Dalmatian is not a big issue but refrain from breeding it. This breed is also affected prone to urinary stones as the level of uric acid in this dog is relatively higher. Some might develop allergic reaction to synthetic fibre used in upholstery and carpet.
It sheds hair all year round and hence requires frequent brushing to remove the stray hair. You can give a bath occasionally as this dog is always neat and clean. Give high quality dog food two times a day and lots of fresh water.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org