The Fox Terrier, as its name suggests, was first developed in order to hunt foxes in England. This was the Smooth Fox Terrier that appeared in the 18th century. The originals are believed to have been tan and black terriers with smooth fur, a mix of Beagles, Greyhounds and Bull Terriers. Wire Fox Terriers and Smooth Fox Terriers were considered to be the same breed for a long time. However, even though they are very similar in various respects, including temperament and appearance, the two are most likely not actually related.
It is believed that Wire Fox Terriers come from Durham, Derbyshire and Wales, and they appeared in shows roughly 20 years after Smooth Fox Terriers. Breeders crossed Smooth Fox Terriers and Wire Fox Terriers for a while, but this is no longer practiced. Smooth Fox Terriers were imported to the United States in the late 19th century, and Wire Fox Terriers came in later years. The two breeds were officially recognized as separate in 1985.
More than anything else, the Fox Terrier is a very intelligent dog that is too mischievous for its own good. Full of energy and always prepared to wreak havoc, the breed is highly entertaining for kids and owners who can keep up with its antics. They are very attached to their owners but are not great with other dogs. Especially since they are so inquisitive, taking them to places with a high dog population, like the park, can create problems because the Fox Terrier is prone to starting fights. Socializing it as a puppy is necessary, so it can grow up to be a good dog.
- Activity level: 5/5 (a ridiculously energetic dog)
- Intelligence level: 5/5 (high intelligence that can get it in trouble)
- Curiosity: 4/5 (very inquisitive and makes a good watchdog)
- Friendliness: 4/5 (friendly with the family and children, but not with other dogs)
- Vocal: 3/5 (it is known to be guilty of nuisance barking)
The Fox Terrier (both Wire Fox Terrier and Smooth Fox Terrier) is usually white, and it has colored markings that can be black or tan, and are known as piebald spotting. The two major types are very similar in appearance, usually with different coloring. They also differ in coat style and texture.
- Fur: The coat on the Fox Terrier can either be smooth (in the Smooth Fox Terrier, as its name suggests) or coarse and hard (in the Wire Fox Terrier).
- Eyes: Eyes are dark and small, but very expressive, rimmed with black.
- Body structure: A short, medium-sized body with straight legs and a high tail.
- Facial features: The Fox Terrier has a long, wedge-shaped head that tapers to a black muzzle and ears that are shaped like a pointy v.
- Weight: The Fox Terrier of both types weighs between 15 and 19 pounds.
The Fox Terrier has some hereditary health issues that may show up in its life, although that is not obligatory. It is entirely possible for the dog not to have diseases, but there are a few it is prone to. Cataracts, canine hip dysplasia, deafness, lens luxation, and Legg-Perthes disease are all afflictions a Fox Terrier owner should look out for.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
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