The history of the French bulldog is long and obscured. The breed has descended from the British toy bulldogs brought over from the British Isles and the local ratters in Paris. The toy bulldogs were developed in an attempt to create a shorter, more companionable version of the British bulldogs, and were transported across the channel when craftsmen emigrated in droves following the industrial revolution. Mostly owned by society ladies and high class gentry, the French bulldog received some tough resistance on its reintroduction to its parent country, where UK breeders felt that the breed might upset the breed standards set for the British toy bulldogs.
The French bulldog is recognised by the AKC and the KC, and is counted amongst the 11th most popular breed in America.
The French bulldog makes for an excellent companion dog due to its sweet, gentle disposition. Like most companion dogs, the French bulldog also requires close human contact. However, it is an extremely patient and affectionate breed, and does exceedingly well with children.
- Activity level: 2/5 (mildly active)
- Intelligence level: 3/5 (intelligent)
- Curiosity: 2/5 (does not want to check every drawer)
- Friendliness: 4/5 (very friendly)
- Vocal: 1/5 (rarely vocal)
Appearing like a muscular, heavily built dog, the French bulldog has medium to short stature. The breed is compactly built, and the overall appearance is that of a powerful dog. The legs are fairly short as compared to the body giving it a dwarfish appearance, and the head is large and square.
- Fur: Short, smooth fur with brilliant, moderately fine coat; the accepted colours are white, fawn, tan or brindle.
- Eyes: Low set round eyes set far apart, generally dark in colour.
- Body structure: Muscular body, short to medium in stature; short legs. Heavily built, big boned body.
- Facial features: Large, square head with the top flat and slightly rounded. Broad, deep, well laid back muzzle with extremely short nose. Pixie-like ears generally stand up on end.
- Weight: Male French bulldogs weigh around 22 to 28 lbs, whereas the females weigh around 19 to 22 lbs.
Bred specifically for its short stature, the French bulldog suffers from a few health conditions as a result of its forebears. Conditions such as patellar luxation, hip and elbow dysplasia and coronary heart disease (CHD) are quite common, whereas hemivertebrae and elongated soft palate are also amongst the major ailments that the French bulldog can suffer from. Musculoskeletal conditions such as hip/elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation and hemivertebrae are diagnosed by imaging techniques such as MRI, CT and X-rays scans, whereas invasive techniques such as arthroscopy may also be used for diagnosis. Patellar Luxation also uses synovial fluid analysis to diagnose the condtion. Elongated soft palate may require blood count analysis, general anaesthesia and radiography for diagnosis. Moreover, the breed requires artificial insemination for breeding, and approximately 80 percent of the deliveries require caesarean section intervention.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org