The Golden Retriever was first developed in the mid 19th century in Scotland. The main purpose of its breeding was to retrieve the shot waterfowl, which was a popular sport in the Scottish elite during that time. However, the retriever breeds of that time were not considered fit for retrieving the game as many a times the game would land in rivers and water pockets. So the Golden Retriever was created by breeding water spaniels with existing retriever. The original yellow-coloured retriever, Nous was bred with a Water Spaniel female; the resulting litter then underwent a careful breeding programme involving the Irish Setter, the St. John’s water dog, and the Bloodhound to create the ultimate hunting dog.
Gentle natured, highly intelligent and trainable, the Golden Retriever is well received in many dog shows because of its high obedience skills. It has a tendency to please its owner, and dotes upon its family. The breed is extremely playful, and likes nothing better to indulge in a game of fetch with its owner.
- Activity level: 4/5 (very active)
- Intelligence level: 5/5 (extremely intelligent)
- Curiosity: 4/5 (very curious)
- Friendliness: 4/5 (friendly with everybody)
- Vocal: 3/5 (quite vocal)
The Golden Retriever is a large sized breed with a strong, athletic build. It has proportionate structure with well developed hindquarters and forequarters that give it a powerful, smooth gait. Their water repellent coat is generally golden or golden brown in colour.
- Fur: Double coated; topcoat is water repellent and slightly wavy, whereas the undercoat is softer. The colour is generally a light to a dark golden with a rich, lustrous texture.
- Eyes: Medium sized dark eyes set well apart; intelligent and curious expression.
- Body structure: Large, body structure with a deep chest; well-muscled physique.
- Facial features: Broad skull which is slightly arched. A keen, intelligent expression is generally present.
- Weight: Male of the breed can weigh between 60 to 80 lbs, whereas the female weighs between 55 to 70 lbs.
Despite being a healthy breed, the Golden Retriever may be afflicted by some common large dog problems such as elbow and hip dysplasia, gastric torsion and cardiac issues such as cardiomyopathy, van Willebrand’s Disease (vWD) etc. Moreover, the Golden Retriever may also be more likely to succumb to various cancers such as osteosarcoma, lymphoma and hemangiosarcoma. The cancerous growth can be diagnosed by X-rays, blood tests such as complete blood count, ultrasound and biopsy, whereas the musculoskeletal problems may also require imaging techniques such as CT scan, MRI scan and X-rays, synovial fluid analysis and arthroscopy. Gastric torsion is diagnosed through ultrasound and x-ray of the abdomen; urine analysis is also utilised to diagnose gastric torsion. Diagnosis of cardiac conditions is generally made through blood tests, plasma assays, and echocardiogram and electrocardiogram analysis.
Grooming requirement for the Golden Retrievers is high to maintain a lustrous coat. Light brushing everyday is recommended with proper care taken of the soft undercoat, whereas a full weekly brushing is recommended to remove dead hair from the fur.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org