Belonging to the Bichon family, the Havanese is believed to have been descended from Tenerife dog of Cuba. Owing to their nobility, these dogs were devoted companions of the Spanish colonists that were present in Cuba. Some theories also state that the breed originated in Malta.
When the Royal Cubans fled to the United States during the Cuban Revolution, few Cubans were able to bring their pet Havanese with them. This is how the breed set foot on the American shores. During 1996, the Havanese breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club.
The Havanese is a cheerful dog that is extremely loyal and devoted to their owners. It is easy to train them and so they are bound to be less of a menace at home. They are very active and lively and leaving them alone for longer hours is never a good idea. They rarely bark at strangers and are great attention seekers.
- Activity level: 5/5 (very active and lively)
- Intelligence level: 4/5 (very intelligent, easy to train from a young age)
- Curiosity: 4/5 (very curious)
- Friendliness: 5/5 (very social and friendly towards everyone)
- Vocal: 4/5 (tend to be vocal)
The Havanese is strongly built and do not look too delicate in spite of being a toy dog. The body is relatively longer with a long abundant and silky coat that is the highlight. It usually has a full muzzle that slightly tapers at the nose. The top of the head is flat with the back portion rounded.
- Fur: Long silky coat that is lightweight and soft with or without an undercoat. The color can range from black, white, cream, fawn, brown, beige to red, blue, gold, silver and chocolate either uniquely or in blends.
- Eyes: The eyes are usually dark brown with lids resembling almonds. A black pigment surrounds the eyelids.
- Body structure: From the shoulder to the buttocks, the body looks longer than the height of the withers. The rear looks strong while the upper arm appears to be relatively shorter.
- Facial features: The taper looks full tapering slightly at the short black nose. Dark brown eyes and long ears that reach halfway to the nose are distinct features.
- Weight: The average weight ranges between 7 to 13 pounds.
The Havanese is very much prone to cataracts. It may occur in young puppies or even adults. An eye examination at the veterinarian may help diagnose the condition. Sometimes, the breed is also known to suffer from certain cardiac issues like valve disease. An echocardiogram may help detect the problem. The breed may also suffer from bone disorders like elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, luxating patella, etc. An X-ray is the best way to diagnose the condition.
It is good to take the Havanese for regular brisk walks or play with it daily in the park or garden. The long hair requires brushing 4 to 5 times a day. Peridontal disease can be taken care of by weekly brushing of the teeth.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org