The Jack Russell Terrier ages back to the mid-1800’s in Southern England where a man, Parson John Russell brought the breed to its actual existence. John always dreamt of a dog, which would help in the hunting of the foxes. The hounds were assigned this very task already but getting these foxes out of their dens was a task in itself. The Jack Russell breed was developed to bring out these foxes from the dens where hounds could actually hunt them. The breed gained massive popularity among the US citizens around the 1930’s as hunting dogs. Though the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America still holds an independent registry for the breed, considered purely a hunting dog, the American Kennel Club registered the breed in 2000.
This small-size powerhouse is a high, free-spirited dog who loves to live his life to the fullest. Sneaking out of his area is one of his favorite desires. He is an extremely intelligent dog but due to his highly willful nature, he gets a little out of control at times. The Jack Terrier has an all-rounder personality with only a few things to actually take care of!
- Activity Level: 5/5 (born to play)
- Intelligence Level: 5/5 (brainy hunters)
- Curiosity: 4/5 (highly curious)
- Friendliness: 3.5/5 (friendly)
- Vocal: 4.5/5 (very talkative)
The Jack Russell Terrier is usually white except for cases when it a combination of whit with tan or black markings. The breed also has dogs which are tricolor- white with both shades of black and tan. The coat is harsh and rough in texture and is never curly or wavy. The breed sports such limited colors because earlier when they were used by hunters in the field, it would make it a lot easier to spot them with such colors.
- Fur: The breed comes in two coat patters-smooth and broken. The broken coat type is longer than the former, with an extra bit on the eyebrows and beard. Also, some dogs of this breed have a rough coat which is longer than the broken coat and as can be guessed, coarse in texture.
- Eyes: The Jack Russell Terrier has light brown eyes usually with exceptions being the blue-eyed dogs of the same breed.
- Body Structure: The Breed is small in size with short legs and an average height that reaches up to 1 foot at the shoulder level. The breed has an agile body and is swift like hunting dogs are supposed to be.
- Facial Features: The breed has amusing facial expressions which will keep your family entertained.
- Weight: The Jack weighs about 13-17 pounds.
Being a very active breed, the Jack Russell Terrier has low health issues but knowing the genetic impairments dogs face, it comes as no surprise that even the Jack faces such health concerns. Glaucoma is a serious condition for this breed and it can even lead to loss of sight. Patellar Luxation and lens luxation are also fatal ailments this breed faces. Different diagnostic tests which these dogs should undergo are – ACTH, fecal analysis and abdominal radiographs.
The breed should be handled with utmost care and should be trained thoroughly. Training this breed can be a task though, but a firm and calm trainer would do the job. They rarely need an bath and brushing off the coat twice a month would do.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org