Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher originated in Germany, and its job was to hunt rats from stables or homes. Mistakenly believed to be a mini Doberman, the Miniature Pinscher is actually a completely separate and older breed, although this dog and the Doberman are similar. The Miniature Pinscher is known to be a very active and alert pet, whose energy is infectious. It is a friendly breed, and it makes an excellent family dog or companion dog.

Miniature Pinscher Breed Information

Coming from Germany and having been bred to catch rats, the Miniature Pinscher was originally called the Reh Pinscher, owing to its similarity to a German deer called reh. Although very similar to a Doberman, the Miniature Pinscher was not bred as a miniature of a Doberman; but many people do think it was. In fact, this breed is older, having taken off in 1895 with the Pinscher Klub, known later as the Pinscher-Schnauzer Klub. 1900 was the year when they were presented at a dog show for the first time. The Miniature Pinscher became popular in its homeland, Germany, at least until World War I, and after that, the breed was developed and improved, later to be imported in the United States in 1919. A decade later, the U.S. had the Miniature Pinscher Club of America, Inc. The AKC officially recognized the breed in the same year. They were classified as Pinscher (which translates as miniature) and Toys in 1930, only to be renamed in 1972, to Miniature Pinscher.
The Miniature Pinscher is a very confident, inquisitive, and intelligent dog. This breed is extremely active and energetic, which can endear its owners, but it can also tire them. Its overboard curiosity may get it in trouble from time to time, but its demeanour, fearlessness, and the fact that it’s always ready for action makes it a great companion for active children and an ideal watchdog. The Min Pin takes work, in that it must be watched and supervised at all times, lest it escapes or does something naughty.
  • Activity level: 5/5 (the energy level on this dog seems to be in constant overdrive)
  • Intelligence level: 5/5 (very intelligent)
  • Curiosity: 5/5 (very inquisitive and too curious for its own good)
  • Friendliness: 3/5 (friendly with humans and animals)
  • Vocal: 2/5 (doesn’t have a tendency to bark)
The Min Pin is quite similar in appearance to a Doberman, which is why people frequently mistake it for a mini version of that dog. However, this breed is independent and very well-balanced. The Miniature Pinscher is a vigorous dog with cropped ears and a docked tail, and it is easily recognizable by its smooth, usually black coat.
  • Fur: The Miniature Pinscher has a smooth and short coat in colors like chocolate stag red, solid red, black, fawn with rust points or tan points, stag red, chocolate, blue stag red, blue, and chocolate stag red.
  • Eyes: Dark, intelligent eyes that are always curious.
  • Body structure: This breed has a short, but well-proportioned body with long legs.
  • Facial features: Cropped ears and a straight, long nose with a rounded muzzle.
  • Weight: Both females and males weigh around 8-11 pounds.
Health and Care
The Miniature Pinscher is not known to be a sickly dog, but almost every breed is susceptible to some diseases or health problems. It is not obligatory for your Min Pin to have such a health issue, but the risk is always there. When buying a puppy, look out for a clearance for thrombopathia, hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia, von Willebrand’s disease, and elbow dysplasia. Also, you should always check that the eyes are normal. The Min Pin does not require heavy or frequent grooming, due to is short coat. An occasional brushing should be enough to make sure that its coat remains shiny and healthy.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely. Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at