The Newfoundland is a strong and massive working dog. It was originally used mostly as a working dog to pull nets for the fisherman and haul wood from the forest. It is a hard working dog which is capable to work on land as well as in water. It is a strong swimmer; as good as a ‘pack horse’. Its sweet nature and responsiveness make it a wonderful family companion.

Newfoundland Breed Information

The Newfoundland hails from Canada; though there are several stories about its origin. According to one the Newfoundland emerge out of interbreeding of Tibetan Mastiff and the now-extinct American Black Wolf. According to another one; it emerged in 15th or 16th century due to cross breeding of the Pyrenean Sheep Dogs, the Mastiffs, and the Portuguese Water Dogs. Sir Edwin Landseer (1802-1873), included the Newfoundland in his paintings and hence the white and black variety of the Newfoundland acquired the name ‘Landseer’ in his honor. The breed was first registered with the AKC in 1879.
The Newfoundland is an outstanding, courageous, sweet temperament, generous, intelligent and peaceable dog. It is a patient dog which is mild with the guest and obedient towards the master. It is loyal, devoted and trustworthy. It loves to swim and would literally lie in the water whenever it gets a chance. Though it is bit difficult to train but training can be done with patience and appreciation.
  • Activity Level: 3/5 (moderately active)
  • Intelligence Level: 3.5/5 (intelligent)
  • Curiosity: 3/5 (some things spark his interest)
  • Friendliness: 3/5 (somewhat friendly, usually very affectionate towards the owner)
  • Vocal: 2/5 (can be loud, but low tendency to bark)
The head of Newfoundland is broad and heavy; and has a slightly arched crown. Its neck and back are strong. The legs are well muscled, and are straight and parallel. The feet are webbed and are catlike. The tail is very strong and broad at the base, and it hangs down.
  • Fur: It has water-resistant double coat. The outer coat is thick, coarse and straight and the undercoat is dense and soft. The coat is black beige, brown, black-and-white patches ("Landseer") or gray (the rarest) in colour.
  • Eyes: The eyes are deep brown in colour and relatively small in size. They are placed far apart.
  • Body Structure: It has huge and massive body structure.
  • Facial Features: The muzzle is wide and as broad as it is deep, and is rather short. The nose is usually black except for the bronze-colored dogs; that have brown noses. The ears are triangular in shape, small in size and rounded at the tips.
  • Weight: Male: 60–70 kg (132–154 lb) and Female: 45–55 kg (100–121 lb).
Health and Care
The Newfoundland can acquire various diseases such as Addison's disease, Cataracts, Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis, Epilepsy or Hip Dysplasia/Elbow Dysplasia, Hypothyroidism, Cystinuria and cancer; in case of the slightest simple of any abnormal condition in behavior or in food habit; a vet should be immediately contacted. Like most of the dogs with fluffy coats; it gets dirty very easily and twigs, leaves and burrs are tend to stick on its coat. Its thick and handsome coat needs to be brushed twice or thrice a week. It can be given bathe one in one or two months. Brushing its teeth daily is a better option to avoid gum disease and bad smell. Its nail can be trimmed once in a month.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely. Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at
Newfoundland Breeders: