The Pekingese got its name from the ancient Peking city, which is now known as Beijing. It was considered sacred as it was similar to the legendary Foo dogs which drove the spirits away. It was once owned by royals and was considered to be semi divine. When the emperor who owned a Pekingese died, his pet Pekingese was also sacrificed to offer protection. Later when the British captured the Imperial Palace in China in 1860, the imperial guards received orders to kill this dog breed to prevent them from foreign devils. Five Pekingese survived and were presented to Queen Victoria. The modern day breed descended from these dogs and was later recognised by the AKC in 1909.
This toy dog is very independent and loving even though it is not very demonstrative at times. It loves to play games with older kids and when playing with smaller kids should be handled gently. It is not a typical lap dog as it has a bold character and stays away from new people.
- Activity level: 2/5 (not very active)
- Intelligence level: 3/5 (intelligent and stubborn)
- Curiosity: 3/5 (exhibits curiosity with dignity)
- Friendliness: 3/5 (friendly with family and kids)
- Vocal: 4.5/5 (loves to bark quite loudly)
It has a lion like appearance owing to the long mane around its shoulders, which reminds the onlooker of its Chinese origin. Its body is pear shaped and is supported by sturdy front legs and lighter hindquarters that offer it a much dignified gait. It can reach a height of 9 inches when full grown.
- Fur: The outer coat of a Pekingese is long, with a coarse feel and the undercoat is soft and thick. It has long mane with a feathery look on the forelegs, thighs, toes and fringes on the tail and ears.
- Eyes: The eyes of the Pekingese are round in shape with a light or dark brown eye color.
- Body structure: It has a well balanced and compact body structure with a heavy front portion which is typical of any dog of Chinese origin.
- Facial features: It has a bold and courageous expression which shows off its ‘big dog’ attitude to others.
- Weight: The ideal weight of an adult Pekingese is about 4.5 kgs.
The average lifespan of a Pekingese dog is about 15 years. The common health problems that this dog might experience are pinched nostrils, heat stroke, corneal ulcerations and other such eye related conditions. Regular check-ups with the vet will help in preventing these conditions. Some dogs might be prone to minor health issues like stenotic nares, KCS, elongated soft palate, patellar luxation, trichiasis etc. and the vet would advise knee examination and eye tests to detect the onset of any medical condition. This dog cannot tolerate heat and hence needs to be kept indoors during the summers.
Exercise is not a must for this dog as it can enjoy romping indoors to stay healthy. However, avoid feeding it too much as it can gain weight soon. It must be given regular grooming and brushing care to maintain its long coat.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
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