The Pomeranian dog gets its name from a Northern Europe region known as Pomerania. This dog was first bred in this region during the middle of 19th century with huge sized Deutscher Spitz dogs and weighed about 30 pounds. It was used to herd sheep. This dog earned quite a reputation when it became the pet of Queen Victoria in the year 1888 while she was on a vacation in Florence of Italy. She then began breeding the Pomeranians to get small sized poms. Later it became the favourite of many in US after it was featured in the very first Pomeranian Show in Waldorf Astoria Hotel in the year 1911. It was then officially recognized by AKC in 1888.
The Pomeranian is known for its glamorous, stylish and proud personality that matches well with its extrovert attitude. It loves being handled in a delicate way and loves the company of adults in the family, rather than kids. It also loves sitting on the owners lap and is an excellent watch dog.
- Activity level: 4/5 (very lively)
- Intelligence level: 4/5 (very intelligent and observant)
- Curiosity: 4/5 (very keen and curious)
- Friendliness: 2/5 (friendly mostly with family)
- Vocal: 4.5/5 (high barking tendency towards strangers and other dogs)
The Pomeranian has a puffy appearance that compliments its fox like face. The small sized body is squarely proportioned to its well balanced head. It has a tapered nose that offers it a wedge like look, small ears, curled tail and a free gait. This dog is found in different coat colors such as sable, red, orange, black and cream.
- Fur: This is a double coated dog that features a dense and short haired coat close to its body and the outer coat that has long guarding hair which is harsh in texture.
- Eyes: It has medium sized almond shaped eyes and has a dark eye color.
- Body structure: It has a well set neck that lets it carry its head with a proud look, which complements the oval shaped tapered chest, straight back, tucked in loin, flat croup and muscled legs with cat like toes.
- Facial features: It wears an intelligent and alert expression on its face with fox like features.
- Weight: Being a small sized dog, the adult Pomeranian weighs just around 7 kgs after reaching its adult stage with a height of 11 inches.
The Pomeranian dog can live up to 12 years – 16 years. However it is prone to health conditions like PRA or progressive retinal atrophy, open fontanel, entropion, shoulder luxation and hypoglycaemia. Sometimes, they can suffer from major health conditions such as PDA or patent ductus arteriosis. Patellar luxation and Tracheal Collapse are also noticed in Poms. The vet would run evaluation tests to know the health of the dog’s knee and eye. He might also prescribe a cardiac test, if required.
This active breed needs a daily dosage or regular exercise like short walks or games inside your home. Being a seasonal shedding breed, it requires regular brushing two times a week to offer its double coat fur a fresh look. You must also give regular baths to your Pomeranian twice a week.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org