The Rottweiler is considered to be a descendant of Molossus, which looks similar to a Mastiff. The ancestors of Rotties were Roman drover dogs found in Germany that came along with Romans in 74 AD to perform the task of herding the cattle and guarding them. For many centuries, Rottie was used to drive cattle herds in the town called Rottweil, the location from where the breed earned its name. This breed was close to extinction in the late 1800s when the cattle drives were replaced by rail transport. The breed later gained its reputation after World War II as it was considered to be highly obedient. The breed later came to US in 1931 and was recognised by AKC.
The confident personality of the Rottweiler offers it an imposing look and portrays its protective nature. Being a self assured dog, it tends to be stubborn, domineering and head strong. If it feels that its family is under a threat, it can be very aggressive and might even attack the intruders or strangers.
- Activity level: 4/5 (full of energy)
- Intelligence level: 5/5 (very intelligent but can take its time with training)
- Curiosity: 3/5 (very keen and exhibits dignified curiosity)
- Friendliness: 4/5 (very friendly with children and adults in the family, compatible with other pets in family)
- Vocal: 3.5/5 (loves barking when excited, to alert owners about intruders and to warn intruders)
The Rottweiler has a noble look and can reach a height of 25 to 27 inches. Its body has a robust build that offers it excellent strength and endurance. This dog has a black shiny coat which is well complimented by markings in mahogany shade above its eyes, cheek, muzzle side and on the legs.
- Fur: It has a flat outer coat with dense, straight and coarse hair with mid length. The undercoat is fine and less, which is found on the thighs, neck, legs, head and ears.
- Eyes: It has almond shaped eyes in dark shade.
- Body structure: The dog has a medium-large body structure supported by a massive bone structure.
- Facial features: The face of a Rottweiler wears a self assured, noble and alert expression.
- Weight: An adult male Rottweiler has a total body weight of 43 kgs to 59 kgs while the female weighs about 52 kgs.
Being large-sized and a foodie, the Rottweiler is prone to medical conditions like hip dysplasia. Gastric boating is yet another common health issue it faces. These two health issues can be averted if you keep an eye on the regular diet you feed your pet. Other major health conditions which can affect some Rotties are sub aortic stenosis, elbow dysplasia, PRA or progressive retinal atrophy, VWD or Von Willebrand's Disease etc. To detect these health conditions at an early stage, the vet might run cardiac tests and need an evaluation of the hip and elbow.
Make sure your Rottweiler gets his exercises everyday in the form of long walks, long runs or an aggressive game plus obedience training. It loves cold weather cannot tolerate hot weather. Give him plenty of water and low fat, high quality dog food in divided portions. It needs less coat care and occasional brushing.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org