Samoyed dogs are the closest kin to the primitive dog when compared to the rest of modern dog breeds. This explains why there is no trace of wolf or fox in their strain. This breed first lived in Siberia with nomadic people known as Samoyeds, who were fishermen and hunters, and thus the name. This dog was used in hunting bears, drawing sledges, towing boats and to sleep with the kids to keep them warm. Later the Samoyed was brought to England in the 1800s. The breed gained immense popularity when Queen Alexandra kept a Samoyed as her pet. The descendants of her pet dogs are available even now as modern pedigrees. The first Samoyed was gifted by Russian Duke Nicholas, which marked its American entry in 1906.
The Samoyed is a gentle, loyal and intelligent dog. This dog is very attached to all people in the family and is always considered as a part of a family. This breed dislikes being left alone in a kennel or in the backyard. As the dog is a hunter by nature, it loves to chase small animals when left loose.
- Activity level: 3/5 (loves moderate training, games and walks)
- Intelligence level: 3/5 (observant and keen)
- Curiosity: 2/5 (curious but dignified)
- Friendliness: 4/5 (loves kids, very friendly with family and other pets)
- Vocal: 4/5 (high pitched barks)
Being a working dog, Samoyed portrays a picture that depicts agility, strength, alertness, grace and beauty. The males look aggressive and masculine while the females have feminine features with a longer body. This breed has a well balanced body with pointed, small ears, deep chest, sloping shoulders and strong legs that are long.
- Fur: Samoyed dog has a double coat as its body is covered with thick and short woolly hair and the outer coat has long and harsh hair. The head, neck and shoulders are draped with ruff hair.
- Eyes: The eyes of this dog are almond shaped with brownish or black eye color.
- Body structure: It has a strong muscular body that offers it a dignified look coupled with grace.
- Facial features: The typical “Samoyed expression” is the sparkling eyes that compliment its smiling face which offers it a friendly dog image.
- Weight: A fully grown adult Samoyed male can reach a height of 63 cm and weigh around 30 kg while the female can be 21 inches tall and weigh about 20.5 kgs.
Unlike other breeds, Samoyed dog is prone to only a few major health issues like arterial septal defects, hip dysplasia, haemophilia and PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy) and Glomerulopathy. Hence the vet will suggest a DNA test and evaluation test for the hip and eyes to detect the illness while your dog is still young. This dog has a lifespan of 12 to 15 years and is naturally a healthy dog.
Samoyed requires moderate workouts to stay healthy, but be lenient during summer months as its furry coat (double layers) can build up a lot of heat. This breed needs an extensive grooming regime as it sheds hair very heavily on a seasonal basis. Make sure you feed it with high quality food that comprises of 24% of protein and 15% fat to keep it healthy.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org