Even though many breeders feel that Corgi is an ancient breed, the exact origin of this breed is not known, but the first recorded appearance of these dogs is said to be in Wales in 1925. Since the first show-dogs of this breed came straight off the farm, they gained little attention. Over time, breeding efforts improved the dog’s looks which contributed to the increase of its popularity. For many years, the two breeds of Corgi, the Cardigan and Pembroke were considered two varieties of the Corgi breed.
The Welsh Corgi is a smart dog which can take training sessions and mental challenges seriously. As this breed is known for its herding nature, it is naturally independent and fearless. This makes it herd kids or other pets at home, when bored. It loves family activities and has impeccable sensing abilities.
- Activity level: 5/5 (always stays engaged in some kind of activity)
- Intelligence level: 5/5 (highly intelligent, learns tricks quickly)
- Curiosity: 5/5 (extremely curious about people and things at home)
- Friendliness: 4/5 (friendly, but may be reserved with strangers and some dogs)
- Vocal: 5/5 (barks while playing, while herding or to alert owner)
The Cardigan Corgis are comparatively bigger than Pembroke Corgis, with a flowing tail and a sturdy body structure. The Cardigans boast a dense and a bit harsh in texture outer coat and a thick and soft inner coat.
Cardigans are the larger of the two breeds, with large rounded ears and a 12-inch-long foxy, flowing tail set in line with the body. Though the Cardigan is allowed more colours than the Pembroke, white should not predominate in its coat. The Cardigan is a double-coated dog where the outer coat is dense, slightly harsh in texture, and of medium length. The dog's undercoat is short, soft, and thick. The breed stands about 12 inches (30 cm) at the shoulder, and weighs about 30 pounds (14 kg). The Cardigan is sturdy, mobile, alert, active, intelligent, steady, and neither shy nor aggressive.
- Fur: The Cardigans have a coarse and dense outer coat which is medium in length while the inner coat is thick, soft and short.
- Eyes: The Cardigans have eyes that are medium to large in size, oval in shape and with dark rims around. Their eyes have shades of brown and blue.
- Body structure: The Cardigans have a sturdy body structure with a levelled top-line. Cardigans also have a long and foxy tail.
- Facial features: Cardigans have wide-set eyes and large rounded ears which give them distinct look from Pembrokes.
- Weight: The Cardigans weight around 13 to 17 kg.
The average lifespan of both the Welsh Corgi breeds is about 13 years and like any other dog breed, this dog also suffers from a few common health conditions like CHD - Canine Hip Dysplasia, urinary stones, PRA or Progressive Retinal Atrophy, lens luxation, epilepsy etc. The vet would suggest a DNA test, hip and eye examination to detect the issues beforehand.
Being athletic in nature, both the breeds love to spend time outdoors for walks, jogs and dog sports which will display their skills. The plush double coat of this breed demands regular brushing to maintain the look. It has a shedding cycle of twice a year and needs occasional bathing. Check the ears of your dog at a regular basis and keep it clean of wax and infection.
We have gathered this information from our breeders based on their experience with this breed. However, remember that each animal is different with its own personality and needs (just like people!), so use this information wisely.
Do you know more about this breed and want to share your knowledge with us? Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org