As of 2014, the dog population in Canada has been at around 6.4 million, which is a decrease from the 6.6 million a few years back. This information refers strictly to household pets, and does not include stray or unclaimed dogs. This is still a significantly lower number than the cat population, which currently sits at around 7 million, having decreased from 7.9 million.
The Canadian Kennel Club is a very good resource for all dog-related information, whether you are looking for a breeder or planning on becoming one yourself, in order to breed dogs for sale. Breeding is done under some rules, laws and conditions in order to be a good, responsible breeder and not a so-called “backyard breeder”. Unfortunately, breeding is not heavily regulated in Canada (as it is in the United States, for example), which means that “backyard” breeders are not technically illegal. If a breeder you visit does not appear to follow regulations as stated by the Canadian Kennel Club, please contact the proper authorities.
A purebred dog is a dog whose parents are of the same breed and are properly registered by the Canadian Kennel Club. Only owners who are registered can be breeders. This definition is given in the Canada Animal Pedigree Act. It is, in fact, illegal to sell a dog as purebred without the proper papers or charge money for the documentation.
The main types of vaccinations required and recommended for dogs are rabies, canine distemper, canine parvovirus, infectious canine hepatitis, and canine parainfluenza. In addition, in order to further protect your dog, you can also opt for non-core vaccines, such as giardiasis, bordetellosis, Lyme disease, coronavirus, and leptospirosis.
Ontario and Manitoba are known to have breed-specific laws, meaning that certain breeds are banned or only allowed under strict conditions. In this case, the breed in question is the pit bull, including Pit Bull Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier, Dogo Argentino or any dog that shares the characteristics of these breeds, as described by the CKC.